Editorial Style Guide: F
Facilities Services Department. This campus unit is no longer called Physical Plant.
fax. Acceptable substitute for the noun facsimile (the electronic transmission of printed matter).
federal. Per AP, use a capital letter for the architectural style and for corporate or governmental agencies that use the word as part of their formal names: Federal Trade Commission, Federal Express. Lowercase when used as an adjective to distinguish something from state, county, city, town or private entities: federal assistance, federal court, the federal government, a federal judge. See this style guide’s government agencies entry; also see AP Stylebook’s “federal,” “government” and “governmental bodies” entries.
fellow, fellowship. When used alone, lowercase, but capitalize in combination with the name of a granting organization: an AAEA Fellow, a Guggenheim Fellowship; but a fellow of the American Agricultural Economics Association, she was one of four fellows selected from California universities.
foreign words and phrases. In campus periodicals, use italics on first reference for all but the most familiar, and follow, if necessary, with an English definition of the word in parenthesis or the translation of the phrase within quotes: schlampig (laziness). See Chicago 7.51–7.56. For news releases, some familiar foreign words (bon voyage, versus, et cetera) may be used without explanation but place more obscure words within quotations and provide an explanation: “ad astra per aspera,” a Latin phrase meaning “to the stars through difficulty.” See AP Stylebook’s “foreign words” entry.
fractions. For fractions and percentages, the verb agrees with the noun following the “of”:
- Three-quarters of the apple was eaten.
- Three-quarters of the employees are at a seminar today.
See AP guidelines.
freshman/freshmen. Do not use freshmen as an adjective. It’s not freshmen dorms any more than it’s sophomores dorms.
Fulbright. Use uppercase as shown: Fulbright Scholar Award(s), Fulbright Scholar Program, Fulbright Scholar(s), Fulbright Scholar Grant, Fulbright Distinguished Fellow(s); but lowercase the following as shown: a Fulbright grant, a Fulbright fellowship, Fulbright award(s). The Fulbright Scholar Program was established in 1946 under Congressional legislation introduced by Sen. J. William Fulbright of Arkansas and authorized by the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 (the Fulbright-Hays Act). Grants are awarded to Americans to lecture and/or conduct research abroad, and to foreign scholars to visit the United States. The Fulbright Scholar Program is funded and administered by the U.S. Information Agency through the Council for International Exchange of Scholars, which is affiliated with the American Council on Education. Fulbright Scholars are selected by the Board of Foreign Scholarships, whose members are appointed by the president. (Compare with Guggenheim entry; also see the fellow, fellowship entry.)
fundraising, fundraiser. One word in all cases, per AP.