Editorial Style Guide: G

gender neutrality. Do not use gender-specific terms and titles, such as policeman, waitress, chairman, stewardess, foreman, mankind; instead, use police officer, server or food server, chair, flight attendant, supervisor, humanity. Use the same standards for men and women when deciding whether to include specific mention of personal appearance or marital and family situation. If you wouldn’t describe a professional man as having “soft shoulders” and “twinkling blue eyes,” don’t characterize women that way either. Nor should copy express surprise about the professional achievements of a woman. If you wouldn’t say “a powerful attorney and her young male colleague teamed up to defend” then don’t say “a powerful female attorney and a confident young lawyer teamed up.” Avoid superfluous gender references; instead of “He is a male nurse,” just say “He is a nurse.” (The needless gender modifier seems to suggest he is not a real nurse.) In sports reporting, strive for equality. If you refer to the women’s basketball team, the other basketball squad should be called the men’s basketball team. Avoid personification; don’t refer to cars, boats, aircraft or other inanimate objects as feminine. An engine is not a “she,” and nature is not a “mother.” Also see the stereotypes entry.

General Education, General Education Program, General Education courses, General Education requirement. Capitalize as shown in reference to a specific program, but lowercase when used generically: Many universities have revised their general education requirements in recent years.

genus and species. See the “genus and species” heading under the names entry in this style guide; also consult Chicago 8.127–8.135.

government agencies. Capitalize the full proper names of governmental agencies, departments and offices, but lowercase modifiers: The U.S. Department of State, the California Conservation Corps, the Davis City Council, the Woodland Fire Department, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, California State University, the State Lands Commission, but the state Office of Emergency Services, the federal Department of Housing and Urban Development, the city Department of Public Works. See the California, federal and state entries in this style guide; also consult the AP Stylebook’s “federal,” “government,” “governmental bodies” and “state” entries.

grades. Use uppercase and italics for letter grades and associated + and - symbols.

Granlibakken Conference Center. The center is located in Tahoe City.

groundbreaking, groundbreaking ceremony. Use as one word in all forms, per AP’s New York office.

Guggenheim. Use uppercase as shown: John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellowship(s), Guggenheim Fellowship(s), Guggenheim Fellow(s), John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Fellow(s); but: a fellow (lowercase). Note that an individual can be awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship, but does not receive a Guggenheim Fellowship Award. The fellowships are awarded by the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation in New York. The foundation has been granting awards to artists, scholars and scientists since 1925, on the basis of “unusually distinguished achievement in the past and exceptional promise for future achievement.” Although not all recipients are associated with academic institutions, most hold appointments in American and Canadian universities and colleges. Winners of the annual competition are judged by a Committee of Selection. (Compare with Fulbright entry; also see the fellow, fellowship entry.)