Editorial Style Guide: W

Web. Capitalized. But lowercase when a suffix is added: webcam, webmaster and webcast.

Web addresses. See URLs entry.

website. One word. For capitalization rules, see composition titles entry.

which. See the that, which entry.

winegrower, winemaker, winemaking, wine taster, wine tasting (per Webster’s).

word breaks. Follow guidelines in the Chicago Manual of Style 7.33–7.45. In dividing words at the ends of printed lines, words generally should be broken according to pronunciation (the American system, reflected in Webster) rather than by derivation (the British system):

  • democ-racy (not demo-cracy)
  • knowl-edge (not know-ledge)

Division should be made after a vowel unless the resulting break is not according to pronunciation. Where a vowel alone forms a syllable in the middle of a word, run it in the first line:

  • sepa-rate (not sep-arate)
  • criti-cism (not crit-icism)

Two consonants between vowels are usually separated if the pronunciation warrants:

  • ad-van-tage
  • fin-ger
  • moun-tain
  • struc-ture

Words that have a misleading appearance when divided should be left unbroken if possible:

  • often (not of-ten)
  • prayer (not pray-er)
  • women (not wo-men)

Single-syllable words that remain monosyllabic even with the addition of “ed” should never be divided:

  • aimed
  • spelled

Try to break hyphenated compounds only at the existing hyphen. Avoid breaking figures; if necessary with large figures, do so only after a comma—not after a decimal point. Abbreviations used with figures should not be separated from the figures: 345 mi., 24 kg.

work-study. Always hyphenated.

World Wide Web. Caps. The Web should also be capped.